- Mast & Accessories
- Military Log Periodic Dipole Antenna
- Military Discone Antenna
- Dual Polarized Log Periodic Antenna
- High Gain TETRA Antenna
- High Gain ATC Antenna
- Military Surveillance Antenna
- Signal Intelligence Antenna
- Electronic Warfare Antenna
- Military Tactical Antenna
- UAV Anti Drone Antenna
- High Gain Helical Antenna
- Quadrifilar Helix Antenna
- Cavity Backed Dual Arm Spiral Antenna
- Fiber Glass Collinear Antenna
- High Power RCIED Jammer Antenna
- FTS Antenna
- ILS Antenna
- High Gain DME Antenna
- High Gain ADS-B Antenna
- Military Manpack Jammer Antenna
- High Gain Log Periodic Antenna
- Wide Band Discone Antenna
- Naval Shipboard Antenna
- High Gain Marine Antenna
- SATCOM Ground Station Antenna
- HF Broadband Military Antenna
- HF Broadband Conical Monopole Antenna
- Grid Parabolic Antenna
- Tactical Radio Relay Antenna
- Military Vehicle Mount Antenna
- Military Coaxial Dipole Antenna
- Military Multi Band Antenna
- High Gain Horn Antenna
- High Gain Stacked Dipole Array
- Wind Profiler Radar Antenna
- Ground To Air Antenna
- GPS Jammer Anti-Jam Antenna
- UHF Military SATCOM Antenna
- Glide Slope Glide Path Antenna
- Military Ground Plane Antenna
- FM Broadcast Antenna
- High Gain Yagi Antenna
- High Gain Dual Stacked Yagi Antenna
- High Gain Quad Stacked Yagi Antenna
- High Gain Circular Polarized Yagi Antenna
- Dual Stacked Circular Yagi Antenna
- Quad Stacked Circular Yagi Antenna
- Side Mount Dipole
- Tech Support
- About Us
27 Sep 2022
A helical antenna is an antenna that is designed with the help of a conducting wire. It has a helix shape and is widely used in high-frequency operations. The polarization properties of a helical antenna depend on various factors such as diameter, number of turns, excitation, space between helical loops, pitch, and wavelength.
This blog highlights everything about a helical antenna its features, uses, benefits, and other factors. We will also discuss the working process of a helical antenna.
What is Helical Antenna?
Before we discuss everything related to a helical antenna, let us first understand the meaning of this antenna. A helical antenna is also known as a helix antenna. In this antenna, the conducting wire is connected to the ground plate with the help of a feeder line.
This is one of the simplest antennas to use in high-frequency operations. It offers circularly polarized waves and is used mainly for communication in satellite relays and other devices. It works with UHF and VHF ranges.
Helical Antenna Working
A conductive wire in a High Gain Helical Antenna is excited with the help of a coaxial cable or two-tore transmission line. This pattern then causes a current flow via a conducting wire. It also further causes emission and generation of field lines and radiations.
The typical helical antenna can radiate in several ways but the most popular modes of the antenna are:
Another name for normal mode is a perpendicular mode of operation. In this normal mode, the radiation is emitted in the plane’s direction perpendicular to the antenna axis. It causes circularly polarized waves.
This mode is achieved when the antenna dimensions are smaller than the wavelength. A small dimensional antenna gives low radiation efficiency. The radiation pattern of a helical antenna depends on turn spacing and diameter values.
Another name for axial mode is the end-fire mode of operation. In this mode, the maximum radiations are emitted along the helix axis. The radiation pattern in axial mode is circular. The main difference between the normal mode and axial mode is the radiation pattern.
In normal mode, maximum radiations come along the perpendicular direction of the axis. On the other hand, the maximum radiation comes along the axis in axial mode.
Advantages of Helical Antenna
After knowing the Helical Antenna Working and radiation pattern, we will discuss its benefits.
Simple construction and design
An Advantage of a Helical Antenna is that it has a simple design. It has simple helical loops made of a thick conductor that looks like a screw thread. This antenna is connected to a ground plane made with a conductor. A ground plane contains a sheet or screen of concentric conductors.
Used in UHF and VHF bands
Helical antennas come with a compact structure. This compact structure makes it easy to use on several devices that work on VHF and UHF bands. High directivity and simple design of a helical design are the main reasons to use space communication.
Easy to use with other types of antennas
One of the major Helical Antenna Benefits is that it includes a circularly polarized pattern. This pattern makes it easy to use a helical antenna to use with other types of antennas with vertical and horizontal patterns. Moreover, this antenna can be used in television and weather satellites.
Easy to use on various devices
A helical antenna is mainly used for communication. It can be used in ground stations and satellites. Many weather satellites and data relays also depend on a helical antenna for showing correct data.
Additionally, this antenna is used in space applications because of its simple design and circular polarization. It is also used for radio astronomy and space telemetry. Moreover, the antenna is useful for transmitting and receiving VHF waves for ionospheric propagation.
Gives a highly directional behavior
One of the major benefits of a helical antenna is that it offers a highly directional behavior. It also has a wide bandwidth that gives a good signal. You will get clear communication by installing a helical antenna.
Helical antennas do not rust or corrode easily. They are made of durable materials and can withstand even the strongest windstorms and ice storms. It is easy to use a helical antenna for satellites and radio stations in any type of weather. They give the best performance because of their radiation pattern and high directivity.
Disadvantages of Helical Antenna
We discussed all the advantages of a helical antenna and its patterns. Now, let us discuss the Disadvantages of the Helical Antenna in the below section:
Helical antennas are large in the size. They are larger than other types of antennas. Because of their bulky size, these antennas consume a lot of space in radio stations and satellites. It is also difficult to maintain bulky antennae in day-to-day life. Cleaning this type of antenna is also a difficult task because of its large size.
Reduces the efficiency
We discussed the efficiency of a helical antenna depends on several factors. These factors include the number of turns, diameter, space between the helical loops, excitation, pitch, and wavelength. Due to several factors, the efficiency of the antenna is often reduced. Due to a decrease in efficiency, it is difficult to communicate over a long distance.
Helical antennas are more expensive than other kinds of antennas. They are used mainly in large radio stations and satellites.
Better ground plane
As a helical antenna is connected with a ground plane, you will need a powerful ground plane to use it. A good ground plane will improve the performance of a helical antenna. It also gives poor signals sometimes due to the narrowband.
Where to get a helical antenna?
It is easy to find the best High Gain Helical Antenna Manufacturer online. You can visit the official site of these manufacturers and look at the list of their products and get the best quotes.
27 Sep 2022
Latest News & Events
A slot antenna is a distinctive antenna that produces electromagnetic waves and electrical signals with its extended cut into a conductive surface.
A Yagi Antenna is one of the most common kinds of antennas that you will find in the market. It is very simple to use Yagi antennas in television broadcasting and reception.
The antenna helps to convert electric current into electromagnetic waves and vice versa. It is an important component in modern communication and helps to simplify long-distance communication. Let us further discuss the antenna, its types, reasons to use the antenna, and other things.
Most wireless devices work with the help of an antenna. Vertical antenna can be used from various angles and does not need a ground plane to emit signals. The vertical antenna is a type of vertical dipole. You can do numerous configurations in the antenna.
A directional antenna is a type of antenna that provides power in multiple directions. This pattern gives a directional antenna to get an increased performance in receiving and transmission of power.